The Water Polluter Loophole

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EPA wants to make it easier for polluters to poison our nation’s water. 

Trump's EPA is out to please its industry allies at the expense of public health and the environment. One of the latest assaults is on the Clean Water Act’s coverage of pollution that flows into lakes, rivers, and bays through groundwater. 

Current law requires polluters to be held accountable when chemicals or other pollutants they dump in groundwater flow into surface waters. Polluters want to create a loophole in the Clean Water Act to change this. EPA should immediately withdraw its ridiculous scheme and instead work to protect communities from harmful water pollution.

Across the country, fossil fuel companies, petroleum pipeline companies, and coal-burning utilities have been facing liability in courts for polluting water with gasoline, diesel, and heavy metals — and losing case after case. Most federal courts have ruled that the Clean Water Act is clear — it bans unpermitted dumping of pollution from a pipe or other point source to river, lake, or bay, including when the pollution flows through connected groundwater before reaching surface water.

That’s because it doesn’t make sense for the Clean Water Act to cover pollution dumped from a pipe into a river, but not pollution that flows through groundwater into that same river.

Not only is it illegal for polluters to dump chemicals or other pollutants into groundwater that is connected to a river or stream without a permit, EPA has no authority to create a polluter loophole that does not exist in the language of the Clean Water Act. Congress included no such exemption because in order to “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters,” all connected waters must be protected from harmful pollution.

Creating a new polluter loophole undermines EPA’s mission to protect public health and the environment and would leave a huge gap in water protections, leaving our most valuable resource without protection.

The public comment period for the water polluter loophole closed in May 2018. We will provide updates as the issue moves forward.